Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer Spectrometer 3936
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TSI's Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer Spectrometer 3936 spectrometer is a high resolution nanoparticle sizer that has long been hailed as the researcher's choice for nanoparticle size characterization for nano applications including nano research and development.
TSI’s SMPS™ Spectrometer is widely used as the standard method to measure airborne particle size distributions. These particle sizers are also routinely used to make accurate nanoparticle size measurements of particles suspended in liquids. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses a TSI DMA to size 60 nm and 100 nm standard reference materials suspended in liquid (polystyrene latex spheres or PSL.
SMPS™ spectrometer sizing is a discreet technique in which number concentrations are measured directly without assuming the shape of the particle size distribution. The method is independent of the refractive index of the particle or fluid, and has a high degree of absolute sizing accuracy and measurement repeatability. Trusted by researchers, the TSI Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer™ Spectrometer (SMPS) has provided high quality data for over 30 years.
Features and Benefits
- High resolution data – up to 167 channels
- Broad size range – from 2.5 nm to 1,000 nm
- Fast measurements – complete size distributions in 16 seconds
- Wide concentration range from 1 to 107 particles/cm3
- Flexible set-up options; choice of water or butanol CPC fluid; choice of traditional or non-radioactive neutralizer
- Computer automated flow control
- ISO 15900:2009 compliant particle sizing method
- Easy to set-up and operate
- Discreet particle measurement: works well for multi-mode samples independent of optical properties of the particles
- Nanotechnology research and materials synthesis
- Atmospheric studies and environmental monitoring
- Combustion and engine exhaust studies
- Indoor air quality measurements
- Nucleation/condensation studies
- Inhalation toxicology studies
- Electrostatic Classifier with your choice of DMA column
- One of six CPCs
- Aerosol Instrument Manager® software
Computers for data collection must be purchased separately.
Can the SMPS measure aerosols at different temperatures and pressures?
Temperature and pressure affect the mean-free-path in air which will affect the electrical mobility of the particles. Charging of the aerosol will also be effected. We have not characterized effects of pressure and temperature deviating from standard conditions.
Can the SMPS measure particles in a gaseous medium other than air?
Presently, the SMPS program only supports the gas and charging parameters for air (or nitrogen).
Do I need a 10-to-1 flow ratio between the aerosol flow and the sheath air flow?
The SMPS program allows for flow ratios other then 10 to 1. For most applications, the recommended flow ratio is 10 to 1. High flow ratios will give better size resolution but lower the particle count statistics. This may be useful when measuring the exact size of monodisperse aerosols. Lower flow ratios will improve the counting statistics, but decrease the effective size resolution. This is useful for filter testing when measuring downstream of a high-efficiency filter. Flow ratios that differ too much from 10 to 1 may cause turbulence in the DMA and degrade the sizing resolution.
Does the SMPS software collect particle concentration data on both the up and down voltage scans?
Raw particle count data from the CPC is collected on both up and down scans. All calculated particle size distributions are based only on the up-scan data. Sample data that is saved to a file from the SMPS contains raw data from the up scan (measurement scan) and the down scan. We save count data from the down scans as well as the up scan in case the customer wants to make changes in the delay time.
How is the charge distribution determined?
The SMPS program uses a table of charge probabilities named CHARGE.DAT. The table contains 162 particle size channels with charge probabilities up to 10 positive charges. The table was generated based on the work of Alfred Wiedensohler1.
How is the SMPS calibrated?
Complete SMPS systems purchased from TSI are set up and compared to standard instruments at TSI to verify correct operation. The CPC, Electrostatic Classifier, and impactor are components of the SMPS and are calibrated independently.